Was Adam a Real Person?

Adam and Eve in Garden

The Bible tells us that about 6,000 years ago, God made a world with no thorns, death, suffering, or sin. On Day 6 He formed Adam out of the dust, breathed life into him, and placed him in a garden. Adam worked the garden and lived at peace with all the animals; he even named the animals. It was a perfect world! God told Adam to eat freely from the trees in the garden, except for one tree. “But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die” (Genesis 2:17).God then made Eve to be Adam's wife. Eventually Adam sinned and broke God's law bringing the curse of pain, sorrow, and death. The Bible records the first death was of an animal to cover Adam and Eve with clothes because of their sin (Genesis 3:21).

Romans 5:12 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:

Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil"But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it..."

The Last Adam – Jesus Christ

When God made the world and the first two people, He did not make them to die. Today we die because of sin. Most people know of the Ten Commandments (lying, stealing, adultery [lust], murder [hate], honor your parents, blasphemy [using God's name as a swear word]), but God gave over 600 laws to Moses. God is perfect and holy and demands that we too be holy (Romans 12:1). Adam and Eve broke only one law before they were punished, and if we have broken any of his laws we too will be guilty and must pay the consequence for sin in hell (Romans 1-3). In the Old Testament God's people sacrificed animals to cover sins, but about 4,000 years after the “first man Adam” sinned, the “last Adam” would be sacrificed on a cross for the forgiveness of sins. Jesus is called the last Adam. He was fully man, yet fully God. He was tempted as we are, yet He was without sin.

1 Corinthians 15:21-22 For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.

What you must do to be saved is repent (turn from your sin) and completely trust in Christ Jesus that He suffered, died for your sins, and rose again so you could be justified and be given eternal life. Death came into the world through the “first man Adam” but life comes through Jesus Christ the “last Adam” (1 Corinthians 15).

Romans 5:8-9 But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him.

Who is Jesus?
Jesus is the Savior. (John 3:17, Romans 5:9-10)
Jesus is the only way. (John 14:6, Romans 5:1)
Jesus is God. (John 10:30, Romans 9:5)
Jesus is Lord. (John 20:28, Romans 10:9)

Was Adam real or a metaphor?

Some people that believe the earth is millions of years old think Adam was not a real person that lived about 6,000 years ago like the genealogies in the Bible say, but they think he was a metaphorical representation of the first humans. 1 Corinthians 15 directly compares the physical body of Adam to the resurrected spiritual body of Christ. If you deny that the “first man Adam” did not have a literal “natural body” then the implication is that Jesus, “the last Adam”, did not have a “spiritual” resurrected body. And if Jesus did not raise from the dead then “your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins” (v. 15). The concluding verse (v. 49) directly compares you to Adam by saying you have an “earthy” body now (just like Adam) but in the resurrection you will have a body like Christ. If Adam was just a myth or metaphor then this verse is false and you have no hope of a resurrected body.

Adam to Cross

First Adam Needed a 'Last Adam'
First Adam – Physical Body
Last Adam – Spiritual Resurrected Body

1 Corinthians 15
45 And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.
46 Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual.
47 The first man is of the earth, earthy: the second man is the Lord from heaven.
48 As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy: and as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly.
49 And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.

We all will die because of sin, but if you are a believer and you have put your faith and trust in the person and work of Jesus Christ then God has promised to make you alive again at his coming and the last enemy that shall be destroyed is death.

1 Corinthians 15
21 For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead.
22 For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.
23 But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ’s at his coming.
24 Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power.
25 For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet.
26 The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death.


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